Salamanca is an ancient university town that is located northwest of the Spain Capital, Madrid. It was first conquered by the Carthagians in the 3rd century BC. The town then became a Roman settlement before falling under the Moors until the 11th century.

Old City of Salamanca

Salamanca is an ancient university town that is located northwest of the Spain Capital, Madrid. It was first conquered by the Carthagians in the 3rd century BC. The town then became a Roman settlement before falling under the Moors until the 11th century.

The towns university reached its apogee during the ‘Salamanca’s golden age’. The historical buildings in the city have their place in the Romanesque, Moorish, Gothic, Baroque and Renaissance architectural styles history. Particularly impressive is Plaza Mayo with its galleries and arcades.

Among the most notable buildings within the Salamanca ensemble included the Plaza Mayor, Colegio San Ambrosio, Churches of San Sebastian, New Cathedral and San Estaban, Clercia the Jesuit Seminary, and College of Calatrava. Salamanca is as such a very important center that testifies the existence of great architects, sculptors, and decorators from Catalonia. The Churrigureque style they used to build the town exerted considerable influence in the 18th century Latin America that was under Spain then.

The University of Salamanca was founded later than that of Bologna, Paris and Oxford. However, by 1250, it had already established itself as one of the best in Europe. The fact that it conserves considerable architectural heritage makes it more popular as a University institution in Christian World.

The Renaissance Colleges in Salamanca

  • The Colegio de los Irlandeses (1527-78)
  • Colegio de Huérfanos
  • The Colegio San Pelayo
  • The Colegio Santa Catalina
  • The Colegio San Ildefonso

The Baroque colleges of the 18th century

  • Colegio de la Ordén Militar de Calatrava
  • Colegio de San Ambrosio
  • Colegio de l'Universitad Pontificia

Other more Recent Colleges

  • Colegio de Anaya
  • Colegio de Santa Maria de Los Angeles
  • Colegio de San Millán

Salamanca is an example of an urban center that developed around an educational facility – in this case the University of Salamanca. If you want to explore ancient buildings among the young and the ‘hip’, this is the place to be. Like all towns where the students make the largest population, this town is cheap both in terms of food and accommodation as well as tourist attraction rates. Bring along your teenage kids – you may inspire them to worker harder in school.

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